Demon Solitaire also known as Canfield.
Demon Solitaire game is played with a single pack of cards. The identifying feature of the game is the column of 13 cards making up the Reserve. These are dealt face down, apart from the final card which is face up. The Reserve is on the left of the screen, and is known as the Demon. There are four foundations (to the top right of the screen). The next card to be dealt, is the first of these and is dealt face up. This becomes the Foundation Base (so you need to remember what it is). This is unlike some other games where either Aces or Kings are used as Foundation cards. The Tableau (the second row of four cards) are then dealt face up. The Stock is formed by the remaining cards (on the top left), with a Waste Pile to the right of the stock.
The games objective is to build each Foundation by ascending suit, wrapping from King to Ace if necessary. E.g. Q, K, A, 2 and so on.
The top cards of each pile (tableau and foundations) and Demon are available for play. Single cards are transferred to the foundations from the top of the waste pile, The Demon, or from the bottom of a tableau column.
Gaps in the Tableau are filled from the Reserve. If this is empty, then from the Waste Pile.
Cards on the tableau are built in a descending sequence by alternating colors. E.g. Red Ten of Clubs, black Nine of Diamonds, red Eight of Hearts.
Once a Tableau column is empty, it must be filled with the next card from The Demon. This reveals the card below.
Gaps on the Tableau are filled from the Reserve or the Waste Pile.
When the Tableau is empty, it is automatically filled from the Demon.
Once the Demon is empty, a space in the Tableau may be filled from the Waste Pile.
The first of the foundation cards was dealt when setting up the game. During play, as the remaining cards with the same rank appear, they are placed next to the first as the foundations.
The Cards building the foundations are built up by suit (from Ace to King), wrapping from King to Ace if necessary.
Cards from the Stock, Tableau or Demon are placed on the foundations.
All plays from the tableau, and the Demon (reserve) should be made before turning the next group of three from the stock.
The cards are dealt from the stock to the waste pile (second right from the top). They are dealt individually. In some versions of Demon Solitaire, they are dealt in groups of three, with the top card available to play. This makes a difficult game even harder!
There is no limit to the number of re-deals allowed from the waste pile to the stock (unlike in some other games like Par Pyramid). When the Stock is empty, the Waste Pile may be turned over to reform the Stock. Unlimited re-deals are allowed (from Stock to Waste) until the game either comes out or blocks.
The game is won when all cards have been placed on the foundations.
Demon Solitaire is was made popular by the american gambler Richard. A. Canfield. It is also called Canfield Patience.
The game is first recorded in England by Mary Whitmore Jones in 1892 as Demon Patience. Mary Whitmore Jones was the first female heir of Chastleton House, and one of the most prolific authors of Patience books of her era, and perhaps ever.
She wrote :-
Games of Patience for One or More Players, 1st series (1888).
Games of Patience for One or More Players, 2nd series (1890).
Games of Patience for One or More Players, 3rd series (1892).